What are the outcomes of well-designed and well-implemented SEL programs?
From: Durlak et al (2011) Child Development, 82, 405–432
This meta-analysis (study of studies) of 213 studies of programs involving 270,034 students reported:
- Improvements were only seen in programs delivered with fidelity (incorporating all aspects as designed with well-trained teachers).
- Improvements were only seen when classroom teachers were the implementers, not outside experts.
S – Use a Sequenced set of activities to develop SEL skills in a step-by-step fashion;
A – Use Active forms of learning that provide students with opportunities to practice SE skills;
F – Focus attention on SEL, with sessions devoted to SE skill development;
E – Explicitly target particular SE skills for development, with skills identified in lessons’ learning objectives.